By Oltion Kaçani, Gjika & Associates Attorneys at Law
Recent developments and ongoing changes in civil and commercial relations should necessarily be reflected in legislation, in particular in the procedural legislation. Judicial procedures for adjudicating cases of every nature are important, as they must guarantee to all citizens effective access, fair trial and, within a reasonable time, independent and impartial tribunal and other guarantees stipulated by Article 6 of the European Convention on Human Rights.
By Yasmine Misuraca, Prager Metis International LLC
As long as greed exists, so will corruption. To combat corruption, the US enacted the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA). Its provisions prohibit offering, authorising, or making payments of money or anything of value to influence the decision making of foreign government offcials to obtain or retain business.
By Jordi Pallarès, Grup Vilar Riba
Making or accepting presents in the context of commercial relationships has traditionally been a culturally accepted practice in Spain. Inviting potential clients to dine out, or inviting them to watch a football match, or sending them a bottle of wine at Christmas, are practices in which companies have invested part of their budgets.
By Wolfgang Fürnschuss, Advocatur Seeger, Frick & Partner AG
Liechtenstein introduced its foundation law in 1926, when the country’s extensive Persons and Companies Act came into effect. This important piece of legislation set the scene for the country progressing from a mainly agricultural state to a wealthy economy offering a wide array of financial services.
By Aram Grigoryan, Nektorov, Saveliev & Partners
One of the most global events in the field of international justice was the adoption by the Hague Conference on Private International Law of the Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Judgments in Civil or Commercial Matters 2019. It is assumed that the Convention will increase certainty and predictability and promote the better management of transaction and litigation risks.
By Mirco Ceregato, Bratschi Ltd.
The taking of a deposition in Switzerland is subject to Art. 271 of the Swiss Criminal Code. Therefore, in cases where jurisdictional discovery is granted by a US court against a defendant who resides in Switzerland, all involved parties and counsels are at risk of becoming liable to prosecution in Switzerland if the envisaged legal path is not duly followed.
By Dr Thomas Ditges, DITGES Rechtsanwälte Wirtschaftsprüfer Steuerberater
Conflict resolution is situational. In the private sphere, many people seek legal clarification and, sometimes, undue advantages, if the law enables them to. The good entrepreneur has no lawsuits. If the legal situation is unclear, he derives his planning from experience. Although it is not possible to avoid every dispute, his ability to anticipate legal issues can substitute for legal advice.
By Dr Jiri Novák and Jan Sekret, Broz & Sokol & Novák
Based on the findings of the 2017 regulatory fitness evaluation, the European Commission proposed amendments to both the Regulation on the service of documents and the Regulation on the taking of evidence in civil or commercial matters. On 13 February 2019, the European Parliament (EP) adopted the legislative resolutions on the proposal for regulation amendments at the first reading.
By Matteo Zanotelli, SLT Strategy Legal Tax
On the basis of personal, professional knowledge and some very hands-on experience in the field of international commercial arbitration, this article aims to shed some light on a particular underestimated aspect of arbitral proceedings, with the hope of alerting professionals and business operators to a few preventable mistakes in contract drafting.
By Leslie A. Berkoff, Moritt Hock & Hamroff LLP
Mediation is a collaborative process that allows parties to resolve a pending dispute in a manner that is far more flexible than that which can be achieved under a court decision. Advocates play a critical role in ensuring that the process achieves a positive result for the client. Here are some key takeaways that advocates should keep in mind.