New rules on mandatory auditing for Russian companies
By Valeria Khmelevskaya, KBK Accounting
Starting in 2023, amendments to the Russian rules regarding mandatory auditing for companies will apply, with more companies now exempted from the obligation to conduct mandatory audits of annual financial statements.
When determining whether a Russian company is subject to mandatory auditing, the criteria taken into account are company’s income for the year preceding the reporting year (i.e. taxable income for the purposes of Russian profits tax), and the balance sheet value of the company’s assets at the end of the year preceding the reporting year.
The thresholds are as follows:
- Revenue: RUB 800 million;
- Balance sheet value of assets: RUB 400 million.
Should any of the above thresholds be exceeded, the company shall be subject to mandatory auditing.
Prior to 2022, all Russian joint-stock companies (both public and private) were required by law to conduct mandatory audits of annual financial statements.
Starting from the financial reporting for 2022, however, private joint-stock companies are no longer subject to mandatory auditing by default. Following this amendment such companies are now subject to the above criteria for mandatory auditing applicable to other Russian organisations (e.g. limited liability companies).
Not all of private joint-stock companies are exempted from the mandatory auditing. If shares of such company are owned by the Russian Federation, a constituent entity of the Russian Federation or a municipal entity of Russia, and/or if shares of such company are listed, the obligation to conduct mandatory audits still applies. Mandatory auditing for public joint-stock companies remains unchanged in 2023.
The following organisations, among others, are obliged to conduct audits of financial statements regardless of their forms of incorporation or their income and balance sheet value of assets:
- banks and bank holdings;
- insurance companies;
- developers performing shared construction projects;
- professional stock market actors;
- gambling and lottery organisations;
- credit reference bureaus;
- microfinance organisations;
- companies that submit consolidated statements;
- Russian funds if the value of property, including cash, received during the year preceding the reporting year exceeds RUB 3 million.
In our experience, subdivisions of foreign companies in Russia rarely fall withing the scope of mandatory audit, and usually conduct them only when exceeding the above thresholds regarding revenue or value of assets. The aforementioned amendments may be described nonetheless as a reduction of the administrative burden on businesses, which is a welcome change.
Valeria KhmelevskayaGGI member firm
Auditing & Accounting, Tax
T: +7 495 662 33 30
KBK Accounting is a reputable outsourcing firm and provider of a wide range of services, including tax accounting and bookkeeping, tax advisory, reporting and compliance, HR, and interim management.
Valeria Khmelevskayais a Partner, Lawyer, and Tax Consultant admitted to practice in Russia. She has over 20 years of experience of consulting in matters of Russian and international tax law. Ms. Khmelevskaya is also the Deputy Head of the Management Board and the Chair of the Committee for Taxes and Financial Reporting of the German-Russian Chamber of Commerce (AHK) and recommended attorney of the Austrian Foreign Trade Centre Moscow (Advantage Austria).
Published: Auditing, Reporting & Compliance Newsletter, No. 09, Spring 2023 l Photo: Dmitry - stock.adobe.com