London, UK

Revised Ethical Standard Issued in UK

By Katherine Rose, Citroen Wells Chartered Accountants

A revised Ethical Standard (ES) has been released for periods beginning March 2020, that hopes to restore public confidence in audit. Some of the changes only affect the audit of public interest entities (PIEs), but many impact the audit of all entities and are of importance to all who carry out audit work.

The changes to the ES are designed to address concerns regarding the independence of auditors and conflicts of interest that arise. To achieve this the “objective, reasonable and informed third party” test, a core element of the ES, is redefined to make it more effective. The test now focusses on the perspective of stakeholders who are the ultimate beneficiaries of the audit process. When considering whether the principles of the ES have been met, reference is made to the perspective of a third party, which is informed about the roles and responsibilities of an auditor, those charged with governance, and the entity’s management, but is not themselves an audit practitioner. This will require auditors to have a greater understanding of an entity’s key stakeholders and their expectations as to how auditor independence should be ensured.

The existing approach of having more stringent requirements for the audit of PIEs remains, but the ES now extends these constraints to other entities where there is significant public interest to stakeholders, such as private entities with more than 2,000 employees.

Auditor independence may be impaired when non-audit services are provided to an audit client. This is addressed by a change of approach for the audit of PIEs and other entities of public interest, with the introduction of a new list of permitted services that can be provided to an audit client, all of which are related to the audit itself or are required by law.

Further changes restrict all auditors from providing internal audit and recruitment services and rule out work under contingent fee arrangements. For some firms this is significant to the services they can now offer.

Katherine Rose

Katherine Rose

GGI member firm
Citroen Wells Chartered Accountants
Auditing & Accounting, Tax, Advisory, Corporate Finance, Fiduciary & Estate Planning
London, UK
T: +44 20 7304 2000
E: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Citroen Wells' partners include specialists with years of practical knowledge assisting their international clients, including the financial problems facing property investors, dealers, and developers. They offer a range of high-quality accounting, tax, financial, and business services.

Katherine Rose is responsible for quality control, compliance, and technical matters at Citroen Wells. She also manages a portfolio of audit clients, with 15 years’ experience working with businesses across many industries, focussing on international groups and consolidations under UK GAAP and IFRS.

Published: Auditing, Reporting & Compliance Newsletter, No. 04, Autumn 2020 l Photo: gdefilip -

Ggi Logo 150x109px

GGI Global Alliance AG

Sihlbruggstrasse 140
6340 Baar


T: +41 41 7252500
F: +41 41 7252501
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.